Page banner shows a soccer clinic inside a walled-in outdoor soccer and field hockey field. Blind children and teens are learning soccer shill using soccer balls wrapped in plastic bags for audability. The text band reads: What We Do: Activational Navigation: We teach blind persons Perceptual Freedom.
Quote Banner reads: "Will the blind stand their ground and conduct themselves with an assurance that broadcasts self-reliance or let themselves (whether they wish it or not) be shepherded through life?" - Kathy Jurgens
Text banner reads: The Tools Of Liberation: Our FlashSonar Echolocation Changes Lives. Many of the blind persons of all ages that we encounter have been confined to cycles of repression, dependence and indignity. One boy we heard about was even chained to a table ‘for his own safety’ while his parents worked. Your donations help us stop this marginalization by liberating blind persons through Perceptual Instruction.
The Fundamentals of What We DO and How We Do It.
Column Box shows a photo of World Access For The Blind Founder and President Daniel Kish standing onstage at TED standing with a full-length navigation cane and making a 'shhhhh' sound against a flat panel he is holding up to demonstrate Flash Sonar Echolocation. The text banner reads: Our Vision Is Sound.
Our Method Is Science. Photo shows computer graphic image of the brain.
Column header box shows a photo of Perceptual Navigation Instructor Brian Bushway pictured with three of our students in Belize. The banner text reads: Our Results Change Lives.
A graphic of the World Access For The Blind logo is followed by the text: It's all about a 'click and a stick'. The ‘click’, we call FlashSonar™, a more technically refined form of echolocation. The ‘stick’ is a carbon-fiber cane that unfolds or telescopes to what we call ‘full-length’ - much longer than the original white canes for blind persons. For over 15 years, World Access For The Blind has used both to teach advanced orientation and mobility using what we call ‘Perceptual Navigation’ to over 10,000 blind persons, their families, instructors, and interested members of their communities across the United States and in over 40 other countries.
A graphic of the World Access For The Blind logo is followed by the text: The adaptability of the human brain. Our work with academic research bodies around the world has shone more light on the ‘plasticity’ of the human brain and how it can adapt to a loss of sight. We’ve discovered the auditory echoes from our FlashSonar™ clicks light-up parts of the brain’s Visual Cortex normally used to see, like striking a match in the dark, enabling blind persons to ‘see’ with sound. We’ve integrated this with data from our pioneering work in early childhood cane research to evolve standard Orientation and Mobility to a whole new level.
A graphic of the World Access For The Blind logo is followed by the text: Achieving Perceptual Freedom. Our innovative approach enables blind persons to achieve unprecedented freedom from ‘old school’ methods that were largely unchanged from the past century, resulting in an endless cycle of dependency, passivity and indignity. For some blind persons, orientation & mobility training is almost non-existent in many regions of the world, leaving them tragically immobile, isolated and dependent. This is totally unnecessary. With your financial help, we can ‘liberate’ many of them to work toward enriched lives of self-direction and dignity.

What is FlashSonar?

FlashSonar™ (our advanced and activational form of active echolocation) is a blind person’s developed perceptual ability to determine where and what things are around them, and how to effectively navigate and interact with these surroundings.

This is done by a person making a discrete, quiet tongue click, which allows the ear and brain to work together to construct a 3-D image from the reflected echoes of objects.

It is like seeing with sound, as if with dim flashes of light, but using flashes of sound instead. Once developed, this image or spatial understanding is a very powerful addition to a blind person’s travel competence and to fostering feelings of confidence about making friends and participating in social activities.

FlashSonar training inspired the phrase ‘Our Vision is Sound™’, which is what many of our students use to simply explain their awareness and deep connection with the world.

I have heard that not everyone can learn FlashSonar and that some people are just born with the ability. Is that true?

All humans are born with the ability to use FlashsSonar if they can hear. Sighted people can even learn basic levels of FlashSonar perception within minutes of guided exercises. The trick is training the brain to know what to listen for and to know how to process that information.

People around the world of all different ages and backgrounds have learned FlashSonar and use it to be more efficient at self-orientation in new places. The common factor for success among our students is their motivation for a better life experience and their frequent opportunity to practice and apply the skills.

Why teach active instead of passive echolocation?

We teach the active click for a number of reasons.

First, active echolocation gives control to the user to acquire a vast amount of information in any location at any time. Biosonar scientists refer to active echo calls as “interrogating the environment”. Indeed, we often explain to our students that they are using an echo language to converse with the environment.

By strategically clicking, we ask the questions, “Where are you” and “What are you”, and surfaces throughout the environment answer these questions for those who understand the language of echoes.

Secondly, the process of actively clicking give a blind person more control and thus empowers the development of internal attitudes such as confidence, maturity and the ability to socially engage all people. These internal qualities are very important for navigating everything in life, from school to work to romance.

What do you mean by ‘Perceptual Mobility’ and ‘Perceptual Freedom?

Our overall approach to instruction is called ‘Perceptual Mobility’, because it is evidence-based, and founded in perceptual theory and neural science.

We define Perceptual Mobility as: “Engaging the whole brain in a developmentally natural manner that activates the perceptual imaging system by fostering self-directed freedom of discovery.

Rather than trying to push a contrived set of skills onto the student, we stimulate the imaging system to manifest skills as they are needed. It is not a collection of skills that make perception happen; it is perception that compels skills to develop.”

We go beyond teaching a collection of skills to address various situations. We actually teach the brain to perceive and respond more effectively to any environment in any situation.

Once students have mastered this and other self-directed skills, we then feel they have achieved ‘Perceptual Freedom’ by becoming more independent via self-direction and have liberated themselves from the cycles of dependency and isolation.

Most O&M Specialists are trained to teach their students a collection of skills that the student learns to match to specified situations. While we do teach some of these skills, our emphasis is on developing the perceptual system to construct its own method of addressing any situation as it occurs.

What are the advantages of having mobility coaches who are blind themselves?

The advantages of having blind mobility coaches are that they can often better relate to the clients and share the “street smarts” that it takes to navigate the public.

While not every blind person is cut out to be an instructor, just as every sighted person isn’t, blind instructors give the opportunity to infuse the instructional process with the blindness perspective.

It is one thing to know “about” blindness, as many sighted people may through their own training and experiences, but it is quite another to “know” blindness by actually being blind and living with blindness every second of every day.

How does FlashSonar change the lives of the blind people who use it?

Those who use FlashSonar are more aware and engaged in what is going on around them. They develop a confidence that makes it easier for them to participate in school, work, and social activities, which leads to a life richer with experience and enjoyment. They often exhibit more erect posture and proper head placement, which helps to present a more engaged and self assured demeanor to others.

Won’t clicking my tongue make me look funny or draw attention?

The method of tongue clicking that we teach and advocate is done discretely, and is no louder than the situation requires. Clicking the tongue doesn’t look nearly as funny as notbeing aware, looking lost and confused, getting turned around and crashing into things if FlashSonar isn’t used well.

In our extensive experience, it is the blind people that sometimes seem to be concerned about this. Most sighted people don’t seem to pay enough attention to the subtle sounds of the tongue clicking to even notice. A person that travels with a full-length white cane draws much more attention from greater distances than the sound of the tongue click.

Asking a person not to use FlashSonar is like asking a sighted person to walk around with their eyes half closed.

We already have an O&M instructor. Why would we need additional services?

Our aim is not to replace a student’s program if it is already effective. If there is satisfaction with the current amount and quality of instruction being received, then there may be no need for additional services. However, we suggest asking the following questions:

-Is the student being prepared to navigate any environment freely and naturally, with little need to rely on others?
-Can the student participate equitably in all aspects of the community, or is he or she relegated to the side lines?
-Can the student move fluidly and comfortably around without awkwardness?
-Does the student interact with the environment and other people in a manner comparable to his or her peers?
-Are the student’s activities overly structured or regimented?

Many students and families are disappointed with the quality of instruction they are receiving. Or, they are simply interested, often with the enthusiastic cooperation of their O&M instructor, in receiving more specialized training in perceptual development.

Traditional O&M instructors usually do not know how to teach FlashSonar. They rarely receive more than part of one lecture or half a textbook chapter on echolocation.

What is the No Limits approach?

Our “No Limits” approach is the attitude from which our Perceptual Mobility Instructors and Coaches operate and develop in our students. We create space and opportunity for our clients to discover new abilities and ways of participating in life.

It is not up to us as instructors to decide and limit the type of things that our students want to learn how to do better. We help our clients achieve their dreams by fostering within the individual the capacity and confidence to adapt any situation to make it work for them.

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